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Carbon Monoxide

European Space Agency


This page presents the carbon monoxide (CO) vertical column densities derived from 2310–2338 nm SCIAMACHY reflectance measurements for the full mission period January 2003–April 2012. The retrieval employs the SICOR algorithm developed by the Netherlands Institute for Space Research (SRON) and provides the CO column, its noise estimate and total column averaging kernels for individual measurements.


Archive (images and data)


The data set is also available via: ftp://ftp.sron.nl/pub/pub/DataProducts/SCIAMACHY_CO/
The dataset is provided as monthly zip-files containing retrievals for single orbits. Note that the precision of the individual SCIAMACHY carbon monoxide product is ~10-100% and thus spatial and/or temporal averaging is required (see e.g. de Laat et al. 2006, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L07807).

Data use / Citation

For scientific use of the data, please refer to
Borsdorff, T., aan de Brugh, J., Hu, H., Nédélec, P., Aben, I., and Landgraf, J.: Carbon monoxide column retrieval for clear-sky and cloudy atmospheres: a full-mission data set from SCIAMACHY 2.3 μm reflectance measurements, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., doi:10.5194/amt-2016-355, in review, 2017. Download paper
Borsdorff, T., Tol, P., Williams, J. E., de Laat, J., aan de Brugh, J., Nédélec, P., Aben, I., and Landgraf, J.: Carbon monoxide total columns from SCIAMACHY 2.3  µm atmospheric reflectance measurements: towards a full-mission data product (2003–2012), Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 227-248, doi:10.5194/amt-9-227-2016, 2016. Download paper
and acknowledge the data use in your scientific publication by the following text:
"We acknowledge the free use of CO total column data from the SCIAMACHY sensor from www.temis.nl. The CO data products of SCIAMACHY were generated by SRON, Netherlands Institute for Space Research."

For further questions please contact Tobias Borsdorff.


The CO data products of SCIAMACHY were generated by the Netherlands Institute of Space Research (SRON).

Scientific Publications

  • A.G. Straume, H. Schrijver, A.M.S. Gloudemans, S. Houweling, I. Aben, A.N. Maurellis, A.T.J. de Laat, Q. Kleipool, G. Lichtenberg, R. van Hees, J.F. Meirink and M. Krol, The global variation of CH4 and CO as seen by SCIAMACHY, Adv. Space Rev., 2005. Download paper
  • A.T.J. de Laat, A.M.S. Gloudemans, H. Schrijver, M.M.P. van den Broek, J.F. Meirink, I. Aben and M. Krol, Quantitative analysis of SCIAMACHY carbon monoxide total column measurements, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L07807, doi:10.1029/2005GL025530, 2006. Download paper
  • A.M.S. Gloudemans, M.C. Krol, J.F. Meirink, A.T.J. de Laat, G.R. van der Werf, H. Schrijver, M.M.P. van den Broek and I. Aben, Evidence for long-range transport of carbon monoxide in the Southern Hemisphere from SCIAMACHY observations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33,, L16807, doi: 2006GL026804, 2006. Download paper
  • A.T.J. de Laat, A.M.S. Gloudemans, I. Aben, M. Krol, G. van der Werf, J.F. Meirink and H. Schrijver, SCIAMACHY Carbon Monoxide total columns: Statistical evaluation and comparison with CTM results, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D12310, doi:10.1029/2006JD008256, 2007. Download paper
  • A.M.S. Gloudemans, H. Schrijver, O.P. Hasekamp, and I. Aben, Error analysis for CO and CH4 total column retrievals from SCIAMACHY 2.3 micron spectra, Atmos. Chem. Physic., 8, 3999-4017, 2008. Download paper
  • A.M.S. Gloudemans, A.T.J. de Laat, H. Schrijver, I. Aben, J.F. Meirink, and G.R. van der Werf, SCIAMACHY CO over the oceans: 2003\u20132007 interannual variability, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 3799-3813, 2009. Download paper
  • A.T.J. de Laat, A.M.S. Gloudemans, I. Aben and H. Schrijver, SCIAMACHY and MOPITT carbon monoxide column evaluation, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D6, doi:10.1029/2009JD012698, 2010. Download paper
  • A.T.J. de Laat, A.M.S. Gloudemans, H. Schrijver, I. Aben, Y. Nagahama, K. Suzuki, E. Mahieu, N.B. Jones, C. Paton-Walsh, N.M. Deutscher, D.W.T. Griffith, M. De Mazière, R. Mittelmeier, H. Fast, J. Notholt, M. Palm, T. Hawat, T. Blumenstock, C. Rinsland, A.V. Dzhola, E.I. Grechko, A.M. Poberovskii, M.V. Makarova, J. Mellqvist, and A. Strandberg, Validation of five years (2003-2007) of SCIAMACHY CO total column measurements using Ground-Based Spectrometer observations, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 3, 1457-1471, doi:10.5194/amt-3-1457-2010, 2010. Download paper